Suffixes in English (500)

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Word Meaning
-mas A holiday, sacred day.
-'er Variant form of -er used in words ending with an abbreviation or (sometimes) a number.
-bound Moving or travelling towards.
-er (added to verbs) A person or thing that does an action indicated by the root verb; used to form an agent noun.
-ate (in adjectives) having the specified thing
-polises plural of -polis
-ise Alternative form of -ize used in certain words; see the usage notes.
-onym name
-er (added to a proper noun) Suffix denoting a resident or inhabitant of (the place denoted by the proper noun); used to form a demonym.
-ise Suffix used in loanwords from French to form abstract nouns of quality or function.
-lepsy a specified form of fit or seizure
-by (in place names) habitation
-year-old Suffix used to indicate the age of something or someone, in terms of years.
-therm (biology) used to name types of animal having a specified form of body temperature mechanism
-saurus Denoting something having the qualities of a dinosaur
-er (obsolete
no longer productive
) Suffix used to form the plural of a small number of English nouns.
-ismus Forming compound nouns describing a condition or system.
-lept (palynology) Having pollen grains with one or more leptomata, thin edges near the pole
-onymy Used to form nouns describing the the study, formation, or use of words or names
-ant (nowadays
) The agent noun derived from verb.
-er Person or thing connected with.
-ile (non-productive) tending to, or capable of
-genesis origin
-eme A suffix indicating a fundamental unit in some kind of structure, chiefly linguistic structure.
-er (added to certain adjectives and adverbs, now especially short ones) More; used to form the comparative.
-colous Having a specified habitat.
-morphous having a specified shape or form
-ium (chemistry) Used to form the names of metal elements, after the style of early-named elements, as well as the isotopes of hydrogen.
-fu (slang) Used to form nouns indicating expertise or mastery of specified skill or area of knowledge
-statin Used to form the names of statin drugs
-derm skin or covering
-a plural of -um
-adic (mathematics
) Having a specified adicity.
-er (added to certain adverbs) More; used to form the comparative.
-a (Northern England) Same as -er in Standard English.
-er (added to a verb or imitative sound) Frequently; used to form frequentative verbs.
-exia (pathology) Forms the names of functional diseases or of conditions such as pyrexia or cachexia.
-morphy Shaped or formed as described by the first element.
-uret (obsolete
) -ide
-a Marks singular nouns, with a foundation in Greek or Latin, often implying femininity, especially when contrasted with words terminating in -us.
-er (added to a verb) Instance of (the verbal action); used to form nouns from verbs, especially in legal terms.
-gonal Used to form adjectives describing related nouns ending in -gon.
-ocracy Alternative form of -cracy Used following a consonant.
-lings (now
) forming adverbs, generally of condition or situation
-a Changes an element or substance into an oxide.
-head Used to create nouns indicating a state, similar to the suffix -hood.
-thermal Relating to heat or temperatures.
-ene (organic chemistry) An unsaturated hydrocarbon having at least one double bond; an alkene.
-er (added to a verb or noun) Used to form diminutives.
-etic Used to form adjectives, meaning "pertaining to", derived from nouns, most of which end in -esis
-a (slang) Alternative form of -'ve
-head Used to form (usually derogatory) words for people who regularly have their mind focused upon a particular subject, activity, or a specified drug or other substance, or who are addicted in some way.
-ene a single-atom thick two-dimensional layer of atoms
-er (originally
public school slang
) Used to form slang or colloquial equivalents of words.
-plinerved (botany
of leaves
) Indicating that the main nerves are lateral and arise from a point distinctly above the base of the leaf. Combined with a numerical prefix: 3-plinerved, 5-plinerved, etc.
-kun (anime and manga fandom) Appended to a young man's name or nickname to indicate familiarity.
-derma a specified type of skin or skin disease
-leptic Of or relating to a condition of seizing, as in nympholeptic.
-a Marks nouns, with a foundation in Italian, Spanish, or Portuguese, implying femininity.
-adenia Pertaining to diseases of the glands.
-er lbl en
fiction Junior, child, younger person. {{rfex
-a Added for metrical reasons to poetry and verse
-ren (non-standard
) Used to form the plural of nouns.
-teen Used to form cardinal numbers from thirteen to nineteen.
-a (slang) clitic form o'
-a (informal) to (infinitive marker)
-woman A woman who is an expert in an area.
-pathy suffering, feeling
-phily liking for
-genous Producing or yielding.
-aire One whose wealth exceeds a specific number of units in the local currency.
-centrism A focus on, or belief in the superiority of, one culture, people, place, or other thing.
-esque In the style or manner of; appended to nouns, especially proper nouns, and forming adjectives.
-dromous running or moving in a specified manner
-mentum (politics) Used in compounds with a candidate's name to indicate that their campaign is gaining momentum.
-plasia (medicine) Growth or formation
-bot automatic systems, computer programs and machines
-onium (physics) designating an onium particle
-lytic used in adjectives relating to nouns with the suffix -lysis
-ways towards, in the direction towards.
-omas plural of -oma
-phile Forming nouns and adjectives meaning "loving", "friendly", or "friend".
-tropism (science) movement, turning.
-lingual speaking or using a number of languages
-rix (dated) Appended to words, chiefly verbs, to form female agent nouns.
-more (Archaic) Used to form a comparative of certain adjectives and adverbs, usually ending in -er.
-ville Used to form a name of an inhabited place, a town or city.
-cardia Used to describe conditions of the heart
-assed (slang
) Adjective intensifier.
-el Suffix forming nouns, originally denoting an instrument, from verbs, usually spelt -le except after n and e.
-ary of or pertaining to; adjective suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also.
-omata plural of -oma
-el Suffix, originally diminutive, in words of mostly Romance origin.
-centesis (medical) Puncture and aspiration of
-like Having some of the characteristics of (used to form adjectives from nouns).
-manship Expertise, involvement, or special status in an area.
-lith Alternative form of -lite
-yl (organic chemistry) A univalent radical or functional group formed from a given molecule. Thus propyl from propane, benzyl from benzene, and so forth.
-chrome having a specified colour
-ergy work
-os Used to form plurals of some Hebrew and Yiddish loanwords, usually ending in -a or -ah.
-angular angular, having (specified kind or number of) angles
-astic Used to form adjectives from nouns, often with the meaning meaning "of, or relating to".
-sexual Forms a noun or adjective describing a state or style of sexuality
-oth Used to form plurals of some Hebrew loanwords ending in -a or -ah.
-max Denotes maximum dimensions of a vessel that can travel through the given canal.
-amundo (slang) An intensifier.
-end Forming nouns denoting patients or recipients of actions.
-gyny the state of having a specific number of wives
-ylene (organic chemistry) used to form the names of bivalent radicals
-angle (geometry
of a two-dimensional shape
) having the specified number of internal angles
-tide Time; added to a festival name to indicate the period around that festival.
-ish (appended to many kinds of words) Typical or similar to.
-stomy A surgical procedure forming a hole, used for access, nutrition, or waste elimination.
-pants (informal
) Used with adjectives ending in -y to form nicknames based on a negative quality of a person.
-ese Used to form adjectives and nouns describing things and characteristics of a city, region, or country, such as the people and the language spoken by these people.
-phone A type of sound.
-type impressed form; stamp; print
-opia (medicine
) vision (used to form names of visual defects)
-ov 1=A romanization of the Russian possessive suffix -ов.
-ylidene (organic chemistry) Forms the names of divalent radicals or groups connected through a carbon double bond
-chezia (literally
forms nouns
) defecation
-bie Combined with a descriptor conveying a characteristic (such as skill, experience, or social position) to form words for people.
-ee Added to verbs to form words meaning a person or thing that is the object of that verb (ie, to whom or to which an action is done).
-philia liking; love (for something)
-bility -ability
-ee Used to form diminutives.
-illion Combined with Latin prefixes for names of integers in order to form names of powers of a million or of a thousand greater than 1,000,000. Thus we have the names billion, trillion, etc.
-or Creates an agent noun, indicating a person who does something.
-philiac someone with tendency towards something, or an abnormal attraction to something
-selves Used in forming intensive and reflexive forms of the plural personal pronouns.
-ia Used in forming names of countries, diseases, flowers, and rarely collections of things (such as militaria, deletia).
-dynia (medicine) pain
-ia Used in forming plurals of nouns in -ium and -ion.
-ic Used to form adjectives from nouns with the meaning of or pertaining to.
-phasia Used to form the names of disorders and phenomena relating to words and speech.
-style column(s); forming adjectives
-fag (Internet slang) A suffix combined with an adjective or noun to form a word for a specific type of person, often with a derogatory or irreverent connotation.
-pnea (physiology) breathing, respiration
-odont -toothed
-cidal Used to make adjectives corresponding to nouns ending in -cide.
-philic Synonym of -philous
-biosis (biology) a specified way of living
-pounder Something or someone weighing so many pounds.
-lock (no longer productive) action or proceeding, practice, ritual
-cide killing
-ica a collection of things that relate to a specific place, person, theme, etc.
-geddon Denoting a catastrophic event caused by or related to the stem word.
-ess Suffix appended to words to make a female form.<br />Examples:
-ive An adjective suffix signifying relating or belonging to, of the nature of, tending to; as affirmative, active, conclusive, corrective, diminutive.
-wad Added to a variety of vulgar term and insults for an obnoxious person to create new insults.
-nik Creates a nickname for a person who exemplifies, endorses, or is associated with the thing or quality specified (by the base form), often a particular ideology or preference.
-phage Something that eats, or consumes.
-ical Used to form adjectives from nouns with the meaning "of or pertaining to"; adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also.
-cocci plural of -coccus
-ay Used in the game of Pig Latin.
-graph that writes
-aholic Alternative form of -holic
-meister An expert on the specified subject.
-sky Alternative spelling of -ski
-furter (chiefly
) German-style food, especially wursts or sausages.
-odontia (dentistry
-tome An instrument for cutting.
-phyl Alternative form of -phyll
-ion (non-productive) an action or process, or the result of an action or process
-tome A section or segment.
-kin (now
) Used to form adjectives expressing resemblance or likeness to, similar to -like.
-pterous Having wings (of a specified size, type or number).
-wich in placenames, village, settlement, hamlet
-kin (now
) Forming diminutives of nouns.
-ally Forms adverbs; usually of adjectives ending in -ic.
-tropy (science) exhibiting a behavior.
-crasy Lending a sense of temperament; constituent pattern.
-mobile Used to form nouns meaning a particular type of vehicle, particularly one to transport the person or thing described by the word to which the suffix is attached.
-crat A participant in a specified form of government.
-yne (organic chemistry) An unsaturated hydrocarbon having at least one triple bond; an alkyne.
-micin (biochemistry) Applied to aminoglycosides derived from bacteria of the genus Micromonospora.
-shire a combining form used in the names of British counties.
-nema (chiefly
) Characteristic of, pertaining to, or possessing a filiform structure.
-ome A mass of something.
-eous Used with nouns to form adjectives with the sense of resembling to or having the characteristics of the suffixed term; similar to -ous.
-phagia eating, biting or swallowing
-ome (biology) The complete whole of a class of substances for a species or an individual.
-eous Used to form adjectives meaning resembling or having characteristics of the related term.
-ial Forms an adjective from a noun.
-cracy rule
-speak Indicates a manner of speech or writing typical of or characterized by the root term.
-coel A cavity.
-coel (possibly
) altform -cele

tumor; hernia
-wick Alternative form of -wich
-thermic Relating to heat or temperatures.
-ancy a condition or quality
-son Added to a stem (usually a given name or surname) to form a patronymic or matronymic surname
-biont (biology) a discrete living organism that has a specified mode of living
-elect Used after a title to indicate the person who has been elected to hold the title before officially taking the position.
-crete indicating a material functionally similar to concrete
-enchyma (biology) cellular tissue
-rrhagia (medicine) Forming nouns indicating excessive discharge or haemorrhage from an organ.
-anth (biology) flower
-coele Alternative spelling of -coel
-faction production, process, making
-on (physics
) Forming nouns denoting subatomic particles (proton), quanta (photon), molecular units (codon), or substances (interferon).
-agog Alternative form of -agogue
-rrhaphy (surgery) suture
-opsia (ophthalmology) Forming compound nouns denoting specific deficiencies of sight.
-rrhea flowing
-tion (non-productive) Used to form nouns meaning "the action of (a verb)" or "the result of (a verb)". Words ending in this suffix are almost always derived from a similar Latin word; a few (eg. gumption) are not derived from Latin and are unrelated to any verb.
-es Used to form the regular plural of nouns
-rrhexis rupture
-es Used to form the third person singular present of verbs
-phyll leaf
-gramme Alternative form of -gram
-mania compulsion or obsession.
-rrhoea Alternative form of -rrhea
-androus (botany) having a specified number of stamens
-rrhœa Obsolete spelling of -rrhea
-andry male mate(s), husband(s)
-ics Forms nouns referring to fields of knowledge or practice.
-grapher someone who writes about a specified subject, or in a specified manner
-tastic (slang) Fantastic; used to form adjectives conveying praise or celebration, sometimes sarcastically.
-stan home of; place where one stays; used especially in place names
-and (now
) Used to form the present participle of verbs, equivalent to -ing.
-ice forms abstract nouns
-inda A component of some female given names.
acharya (suffix) A title of honour, meaning "learned" or "honoured".
-ambulist walker, one who walks
-and <span class="use-with-mention">A suffix forming nouns denoting patients or recipients of actions, such as <span class="mention">compiland</span>.</span>
-uretic urine
-gaze (music) Denotes a genre of music which makes heavy use of distortion effects and wall of sound production.
-riffic Used to form intensified adjectives from nouns and adjectives.
-maniac Indicating a person who experiences a type of compulsion or obsession.
-clase (mineralogy) fracture (having a fracture of such a form)
-let a diminutive suffix; for example:
-ric (no longer productive) A termination denoting jurisdiction, or a district over which government is exercised.
-nym Used to form nouns describing types of word or name
-agogue (medicine) something that stimulates a flow
-person Someone who is an expert in an area.
-mere Forming nouns with the sense of part, segment
-agogy leading
-een (Ireland) Used to form the diminutives of nouns in Hiberno-English.
-ridden Figuratively construed as "repeatedly subject to" or "unable to escape from" (example: hagridden, bedridden.)
-parous parous; relating to parity (the number of times a woman has given birth).
-ian (as an adjective) From, related to, or like.
-acal Used to form an adjective from a noun, as in maniacal
-mane Forming compound nouns with the sense ‘person who has a mania for’.
-ane Variant of -an, usually with differentiation (germane, humane, urbane), but sometimes alone (mundane).
-ers (informal
school slang
) Used to form mostly adjectives used informally
-arium A place associated with a specified thing.
-sphere (mathematics) Used to form nouns indicating a sphere of x dimensions
-cratic used to form adjectives, of or befitting -cracy
-form Having the shape or form of; looking like.
-genic producing or generating something
-sson Alternative form of -son
-stasis (physiology) slowing down, stopping; from stasis.
-archy form of government or rule
-form Related to formic acid in some way.
-gasm Describing an intensely pleasurable experience or thing.
-ae plural of -a
-iana Alternative form of -ana
-ite (sometimes
) Used to form nouns denoting followers or adherents of a specified person, idea, doctrine, movement, etc.
-craft Denoting a skill of a particular kind
-nomics The rules of a discipline
-ptile (botany
forming adjectives and nouns
) type of leaf
-graphical Used to form adjectives meaning of or relating to corresponding nouns ending in '-graphy' or '-graph'.
archaic spelling of -ae
-topia Paradise.
-coccus any spherical microorganism
-ite forming adjectives
-nomics (economics) Used, with a combining form to form nouns meaning the economics, economic practises, or economic philosophy of a specified person or state
-verse Forming compound nouns denoting the whole range or totality of what is indicated by the first element.
-phagous Used to form adjectives meaning "eating" or "feeding on".
-algia pain, suffering
-soft Used in the names of software houses.
-oholic Used to make nouns and adjectives describing someone who is addicted to something or feels a compulsion to do something.
-a-thon Alternative form of -athon
-pod Related to or resembling a foot or similar limb.
-gerous Bearing or producing.
-stat forming nouns naming scientific instruments that act to render the prefixed element stationary or static in some respect
-ed Used to form past tenses of (regular) verbs. In linguistics, it is used for the base form of any past form. See -t for a variant.
-kins Forming (often intentionally childish or twee) diminutives of nouns.
-ed Used to form past participles of (regular) verbs. See -en and -t for variants.
-topic place
-phagy (forming nouns) feeding on; consumption of.
-ie Forming diminutive or affectionate forms of nouns or names.
-nasty (botany) relating to a nastic change
-ed Used to form adjectives from nouns, in the sense of having the object represented by the noun.
-malacia (medical) used to denote an abnormal "softening of the tissues"; malacia
-èd (poetic) Alternative spelling of -ed, indicating that the last syllable is fully enunciated.
-dermatous having a specified type skin
-chan (anime and manga fandom) Appended to a person's name or nickname to indicate familiarity or cuteness.
-men plural of -man
-landia (humorous) A fictional or metaphorical place relating to the person or thing being suffixed.
-ometer Alternative form of -meter
-carp part of a fruit or fruiting body
-idine (chemistry) Denotes a chemical compound related to others; alpha-2 adrenergic receptor agonists.
-oi plural of -os
-opsy (medicine) examination
-henge Used to refer to derivatives of Stonehenge.
-dar (usually
) Forming nouns denoting a putative ability to detect a thing.
-urgy technique for working with something
-ometry Forming compound nouns describing "the action or process of measuring" something, frequently with corresponding nouns in -ometer.
-splain (slang) A suffix combined with a descriptive adjective or noun to create a verb meaning someone who fits that description condescendingly explaining something to someone who does not fit that description (especially, something the listener has more experience of).
-gate Combined with keywords to form the names of scandals.
-genin (chemistry) Used to form words for the aglycone (non-saccharide) residues of steroidal glycosides.
-glot language
-ry Alternative form of -ery
-holic Denotes addiction to the substance or activity of the stem word.
-sies A diminutive modifier used to add an element of childishness, informality, or levity to a word.
-ford Indicating a place on a river suitable for crossing or fording.
-gate Used to form place names.
-some Characterized by some specific condition or quality.
-town Used to form names of townships derived from names of persons or other things.
-tron Used to name various electronic devices
-plast A small body, structure, particle, or granule, especially of living matter
-some Used to form a word indicating a group with a certain small number of members
-cene (geology) Related to the geologic period called the Cenozoic, the current one.
-ienne ; indicates a female variant of a noun ending in -ian
-fication Alternative form of -ification
-some a body
-kind Used to form nouns denoting groups or classes taken collectively.
-man Someone (implied male) who is an expert in an area.
-mance to carry out a specified form of divination
-amine (organic chemistry) An amine.
-some a chromosome
-punk Denotes a fictional and aesthetic genre based on the noun to which it is suffixed, usually involving ahistorical or anachronistic technology and its effects on society.
-xeny guest, stranger, host
-ier variant of -er for adjectives ending in y
-uria (pathology) Referring to the state or condition of the urine.
-one a ketone
-mancer A practitioner of a specific type of divination.
-eer Used to create an agent noun denoting someone associated with, concerned with, or engaged in a specified activity.
-meal (rare
no longer productive
) Used to denote a fixed number, measure, or amount at a time.
-ies Used to form the plural forms of nouns endings in consonant-y:
-meal Denotes a powder made of ground cereal.
-mer (chemistry) Used to form words relating to chemical structure, denoting parts of a molecule, for example, monomer (one part), dimer (two parts), polymer (many parts).
-omics (biology) used to form nouns meaning a study of the totality of something; e.g. genomics, proteomics
-zygous (biology) Having or originating from a specified state as a result of conditions in the zygote stage of development.
-morph shape, form, structure
-et Used to form diminutives, loosely construed.
-ine (chiefly
) Of or pertaining to.
-st (Archaic) Verb suffix for the second-person singular; Alternative form of -est
-born (usually hyphenated
preceded by a noun or adjective
) Born in or native to the place indicated.
-oic (organic chemistry) used to form the names of carboxylic groups and acids
-log Used to denote discourse of a specified kind.
-women plural of -woman
-otic (pathology) having disease or abnormal condition (e.g., epizootic).
-choron (geometry) Used to form the names of 4-dimensional solids bounded by a certain number of cells/polyhedra (polychora).
-fix (grammar) Forming nouns denoting a morpheme used in word formation joined to a word in the specified way (e.g.: 'in'fix = "attached within", 'circum'fix = "attached around").
-st Marks ordinals written in digits when the final term of the spelled number is "first"
-grave Signifying a ruler, as in landgrave, margrave, burgrave.
-mantic Adjective form of -mancy.
-iasis (pathology) A pathological condition or process.
-iety Forming nouns denoting the quality or condition of being what is indicated by the first element of the word.
-st Excrescent suffix (adding sound but largely not changing the meaning).
-oic acid (functional group suffix) A carboxylic acid functional group.
-onomics Alternative form of -omics
-orama Used to form, from one noun, a second meaning "wide view of" the first, or (with ironic reference to the preceding sense) "surfeit of", "overattention to", or "exaggerated praise of" the first.
-ex Used to construct company and product names that borrow meaning from the root word.
-onomy Alternative form of -nomy
-id (not productive except in zoology) of or pertaining to; appended to various foreign words to make an English adjective or noun form. Often added to words of Greek, sometimes Latin, origin.
-diene (organic chemistry) An unsaturated hydrocarbon with two double bonds; a diene
-id (chiefly
) Forming nouns from Latin or Greek roots, including certain plant names modelled on Latin sources, the names of meteors (e.g. Perseid), and the names of certain dynasties (e.g. Solomonid).
-proof Used to form adjectives denoting an impervious or impenetrable quality.
-oid Of similar form to, but not the same as. Having the likeness of. Forms adjectives and nouns.
-all Obsolete spelling of -al
-zoan (zoology) Used to categorise animals based on their evolutionary origin, life history, growth-form or ecological preferences.
-scope Used to make terms denoting an instrument used for viewing or examination.
-sis forming nouns of action or process
-all Relating to the whole of something.
-phonic Forms adjectives relating to sound
-machy Forming nouns with the sense of ‘battle, fight’.
-path Used to form nouns indicating someone with a particular disorder
-tude Alternative form of -itude
-gamous Having the specified number or form of marriage.
-able An adjectival suffix; forms adjectives meaning:
-tuple (mathematics) A tuple containing the specified number of terms.
-logs plural of -log
-most Furthest; -est; used to form superlatives of certain adjectives, especially directional and inherently-comparative ones.
-nazi Forming blended nouns denoting people seen as controlling.
-dom Forming nouns denoting the condition or state of the suffixed word.
-ist Added to words to form nouns denoting:
-uous Alternative form of -ous
-valent Having one or more valences.
-bury A placename suffix indicating a fortified place.
-tort To make something change its shape.
-iatric Of or relating to a physician.
-gamy Used to form nouns describing forms of marriage.
-merous (biology
forming adjectives
) Having parts of the specified quality.
-metry Forming nouns relating to measures and measurement.
-ule (rare
) Diminutive suffix.
-ista Forms nouns denoting one who follows a principle; an adept.
-to-be Future, later, expectant.
-mageddon Alternative form of -geddon
-iatrician A medical practicioner.
-corn horn(s)
-iatrics Forms a noun meaning a specialty medical field of practice.
-logue Used to denote discourse of a specified kind.
-holism a form of addiction, either physical dependency or obsessive dependency.
-est Used to form the superlative of adjectives and adverbs.
-th (no longer productive) Forming nouns from verbs of action.
-est (Archaic) Used to form the second-person singular present tense and past tense of verbs.
-ette Used to form nouns meaning a smaller form of something.
-ey Alternative form of -y
-burg Synonym of lang=en
-logues plural of -logue
-th Used to form the ordinal numeral when the final term of the spelled number is not first, second, or third.
-clinal having a specified slope
-phrenia mental disorder.
-nymy Alternative form of -onymy
-th (Archaic) A variant of -eth, used to form the archaic third-person singular indicative present tense of verbs.
-ennial Combining form denoting years.
-le A frequentative suffix of verbs, indicating repetition or continuousness:
-sama (anime and manga fandom) Appended to a person's name or nickname to convey honour and respect.
-le A suffix forming adjectives from verbs with the meaning of "prone to", "tending to", "apt to", "capable of"; compare -ative:
-logy A branch of learning; a study of a particular subject.
-petal travelling away from
-pexy fixing (in place), fastening
-le A suffix forming agent nouns from verbs:
-morphic having a specific shape or form
-le A suffix forming diminutives from other nouns; compare -ling:
-tard (slang) Used to form words conveying an attitude of contempt or doubt over the subject's intelligence.
-sauce (slang) Used to add emphasis to adjectives, especially those that relate to cool- or uncoolness.
-ander (botany
forming nouns
) stamen
-acious Used to form adjectives from nouns.
-chory method of plant dispersal
-fugal travelling out from
-n't Negates the meaning of the clause in which it occurs.
-red (no longer productive) A suffix forming nouns of condition or state.
-tainment Denoting material created in part to entertain, while also serving another purpose.
-emia (chiefly
) Alternative spelling of -aemia
-hood A substantive suffix denoting a condition or state of being.
-ol (organic chemistry) An alcohol or phenol.
-caine (organic chemistry
) A synthetic alkaloid used as an anesthetic.
-ality (compound affix) -al + -ity
-thermy heat
-ino (physics) The fermionic supersymmetric partner of a boson (a bosino), symbolized by a tilde over the nonsupersymmetric particle symbol. Contrast with 's-'
-ol Indicating an oily substance
-phyte A taxonomic group of plants or algae, e.g. arthrophyte, cyanophyte.
-poly (economics) Pertaining to the number of sellers in a market.
-istic Used to form adjectives from nouns or from other adjectives, with the meaning "of or pertaining to" the preceding component.
-lalia Forming nouns denoting abnormal or disordered forms of speech.
-styly Pertaining to styles.
-acity having the quality of
-cephalic (type or number of) head
-ty Nonproductive suffix indicating single-digit integer multiples of ten
-istical Used to form adjectives meaning of or relating to corresponding nouns ending in '-istic' or '-ist'; most often redundant with respect to the latter which can also become adjectives through the addition of -ic alone, or with no change to the root noun. Hence, theist, theistic and theistical can all be used as the adjective form of theism.
-sploitation exploitation of a specific demographic, person, or thing, particularly in media.
-wide Throughout the specified area.
-ose full of, like
-age Forming nouns with the sense of collection or appurtenance.
-ar Of, near, or pertaining to; adjective suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also.
-ty Alternative form of -ity Used to form abstract nouns from adjectives
-istically Used to form adverbs describing action in the manner of the root adjective; use is identical irrespective of whether the root adjective ends with -istic or -istical.
-biotic Used to form adjectives describing a method of living
-ose (chemistry) Used to form the names of sugars.
-cha (informal
used only after a [t] sound
) Alternative form of ya
-ar Forming nouns such as vicar, exemplar, bursar, etc.
-ass (North America
) Intensifies an adjective
-free free from; devoid of; without
-ern (nonstandard
fossilized words
) Added to the names of directions to form adjectives.
-ar Forming nouns such as beggar, liar, pedlar, etc.
-ola Used to form the names of several commercial companies and products.
-cline A specified form of slope or gradation.
-arian A believer in something.
-ola Used to form words relating to oil or oiliness
-anthropy humanity; mankind
-ast someone associated with something
-naut Forms nouns meaning a voyager, farer, or tripper
-oon Forming nouns, mainly in borrowed words.
-trope (science) something that turns, affects, changes, responses, moves.
-iatry Forms names of specialized fields of medical practice.
-treme Having a trema (hole or aperture) or tremata of the type, position or number specified by the prefix
-lin (dialectal) Alternative form of -ling
-poiesis production, creation or formation
-meter Used to form the names of measuring devices.
-arch leading, leader
-self Used in forming intensive and reflexive forms of the singular personal pronouns.
-ostomy Alternative form of -stomy
-ing Used to form gerunds, a type of verbal nouns, from verbs.
-itis (pathology) Suffix denoting diseases characterized by inflammation, itself often caused by an infection.
-burger Used to make the names of hamburgers served in buns with the addition of the specified foodstuff, or with that foodstuff used in place of the usual meat.
-ing Used to form present participles of verbs.
-strophy Used to form nouns indicating a turn or twist of the indicated kind
-ery Art, craft or practice
-ing Forming derivative nouns (originally masculine), with the sense ‘son of, belonging to’, as patronymics or diminutives. No longer productive in either sense.
-ance Added to the stem of a verb to form a noun indicating a state or condition, such as result or capacity, associated with the verb.
-morphism the state of having a specified shape or form
-ïng (rare
) Alternative spelling of -ing
-core Applied to various (often specialised and underground) genres of music.
-wise in the direction or orientation of
-work Denoting a craft involving a particular material or tool
-iot Of or relating to an island or peninsula in Greece or the Hellenic sphere.
-blast an immature cell or tissue
-sion Variant of -tion, most common in words inherited directly from Latin with an accusative singular ending in -sionem.
-rices plural of -rix
-pathic Adjectival form of suffix -pathy.
-tomy Cutting, incision, section
-ide Any of a group of related compounds - azide, polysaccharide, glycoside.

Note: these words have been obtained from Wiktionary and have been classified and improved through automated computer linguistics processes.


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