Proper nouns in English (500)

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Word Meaning
Ōita Alternative spelling of Oita
West Dorset a local government district in Dorset, England, with its headquarters in Dorchester.
AAAM Initialism of American association
Bull derived from the name of the animal.
Guaman
Bulmer
Gunpowder Treason Synonym of Gunpowder Plot.
Gwladys : a female given name.
Doerfler
Longman
Onyechi
Surber
Hadgkiss
Reiko
Wilcox
Byrum
Suzhounese The Suzhou dialect of the Wu family of Chinese languages
Hambleton a local government district in North Yorkshire, England.
Switzer
ACT Initialism of Australian Capital Territory, a federal territory of Australia.
Callier
Lustig
Wolski
Wonsan A city in North Korea.
Adcox
Candy A pet form of the female given name Candace or Candice.
Tabriz A city in northwestern Iran, capital of East Azerbaijan Province. Fourth largest city of Iran with population of about 1,600,000. Historical names: Davrezh, Tavrezh, Tavrez, Tauris.
Ottawa An Algonquian people closely related to the Ojibwe; also spelt Ottowa.
Magill
Havener
Haycocks
Xia An ancient dynasty in China.
XY system (biology) The system that determines the sex of humans, most other mammals, some insects (Drosophila), and some plants (Ginkgo), in which females have two of the same kind of sex cell (XX) and males have two distinct sex cells (XY).
Heather .
Tarlton
Yamazaki
Malave
Taunus A mountain range in Hesse, Germany
Riebel
Ain One of the départements of Rhône-Alpes, France (INSEE code 01)
Easter Sunday (Christianity) Easter Day, a Christian religious moveable holiday commemorating the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.
Teeline A system of shorthand writing.
Ajax A town in Ontario, Canada
Manka
Eccleston
Yukon Standard Time (obsolete) Alaska Standard Time
Alazani A river that flows for 351km, from its headwaters to the south of the main ridge of the Greater Caucasus in the north-west of Georgia’s Akhmeta municipality, through the Caucasus, until it feeds into the River Kura at Azerbaijan’s Mingachevir Reservoir.
Rockledge A city in Florida
Cawnpore archaic form of Kanpur
Alg. (legal) Abbreviation of Algeria
Heslop
Celebes former name of Sulawesi
Zimbabwe Country in Southern Africa. Official name: Republic of Zimbabwe. Formerly called Southern Rhodesia or Rhodesia.
Paleo Faliron An older spelling of Palaio Faliro
Tere Asar Alternative form of Trei Asar
Rosenbloom
Teruel A town in Aragon, Spain, the capital of the province of Teruel.
Hicking
Cernik A municipality in Croatia.
Higgs
Panasonic A multinational electronics corporation in Japan.
ELCIC (acronym) Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada.
Route 66 A former United States highway that ran from Chicago to Los Angeles
Alpine A census-designated place in California.
Pannychis (Greek god) One of the Charites worshipped in Athens.
Roylance
Hindia Obsolete spelling of Handia
Alvis transferred from the surname.
Thatcher illusion The optical illusion resulting from the Thatcher effect.
Mayhem Parva The archetypical sleepy English village that is the setting for many works of detective fiction.
Ruhl
Ellerbrock
Hlebine A municipality in Croatia.
Rushin
Chechnia Alternative spelling of Chechnya
Pardi
Amsterdam
Sahidic A Coptic dialect that was spoken in southern Egypt.
Thoren
Thrasher
Salem County one of 21 counties in New Jersey, USA, with its county seat in the city of Salem.
Patchgatgoch Alternative form of Schaghticoke.
Chimpanese (slang
humorous
rare
) Language of, similar to, or resembling that of a chimpanzee.
Hopple
Mentor (Greek mythology) Odysseus's trusted counselor. He was assigned the responsibility of raising Odysseus's son Telemachus while Odysseus was away fighting in Troy.
Merkozy (slang
politics
) The (personification of the) unified position of France and Germany during the early 21st century European sovereign debt crisis.
Payer
Peace
Anointing of the Sick A Catholic sacrament in which a priest anoints a sick or dying person with oil and prays for his salvation. It was previously known as extreme unction and the last rites.
Eolis Alternative form of Aeolis
Hudd
Metaphone A phonetic algorithm for indexing words by their English pronunciation.
Tobiah An Ammonite mentioned in the Book of Nehemiah. (biblical character)
PEOTUS Acronym of President-elect of the United States
Toledo A city in Castile-La Mancha, Spain.
Perera
Schultze
Claghorn
Clarence A ducal title which has been traditionally awarded to junior members of the English and British royal families
Perkinson
Scogin
Clements
Evanson
Pett A village in the Rother district of East Sussex, England.
IBO Initialism of International Baccalaureate Organisation
Milo .
Appleyard A topographic surname for someone associated with an orchard
Philp
Igbo The language spoken by the Igbo people and elsewhere in southern Nigeria.
Travolta
Arriola
Arthur .
Arviat A hamlet in Nunavut, Canada
ASA Initialism of Acoustical Society of America
Pilat
Sers one of two communes in France
Trpinja A municipality in Croatia.
Farran
Sexton
Feaster
Shamp
Fegan
Feltner
Planet 9 (astronomy) A theoretical ninth planet in the Solar system, the gravitational effects of which would explain the improbable orbital configuration of a group of trans-Neptunian objects that orbit mostly beyond the Kuiper belt.
AU Initialism of African Union
Plaquemine a city in Louisiana, USA, which is the parish seat of Iberville Parish.
TVB Initialism of Television Broadcasts; a TV station in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China.
Ferguson originating in Scotland from Clan Fergusson and now widespread in the English-speaking world.
Shetty
Autauga A former Native American people that was a subgroup of the Alabama people, and inhabited the central portion of the state of Alabama.
Inoslav
Ubykh The extinct ergative and agglutinative language spoken by the Ubykh people, notable for its large number of distinct consonants and only two vowels.
Mp Abbreviation of
Avar A North Caucasian language spoken mainly in Avaria (Republic of Daghestan) as its official language, and in parts of Azerbaijan.
Plzen Pilsen (city in Czech Republic)
Azania (historical) The region of East Africa as known by the Ancient Greeks and Romans.
Polis
Babe
Sidon The principal city state of Phoenicia, modern-day Saïda in Lebanon.
Mundy
Côte d'Or A département (equivalent of a county) in France’s eastern region Bourgogne (Burgundy)
Ballweg
Florea
Italian of the East (poetic) The Telugu language.
Muwekma Ohlone people, native to the San Francisco and Monterey Bay Areas, California.
Couture
Portmore Jamaica's second largest city.
Coyner
JavaScript (computer language) A scripting programming language most commonly used to add interactive features to webpages.
Nancy .
Jembrana A regency of Bali, Indonesia.
Forbus
Slora
Crispus of mostly historical use.
Small Business Saturday (US
marketing
) The Saturday after Thanksgiving, promoted as a day for shopping at local small businesses
Jints (baseball
informal
) Nickname for the New York Giants, subsequently the San Francisco Giants.
Pratt A surname known in England, Ireland, and Scotland.
Jordynn given name female.
Beaudette
Becker
Nejd The central region of Saudi Arabia.
Snowe
Bedenica A municipality in Croatia.
CU Christian Union (bodies of Christian students in UK schools, colleges and universities)
Kalyan-Dombivali A large city in India, in the state of Maharashtra.
Kanji Alternative form of kanji
Curnutt
Karditsa A city in western Thessaly in mainland Greece; it is the capital city of the prefecture with the same name.
Cy A diminutive of the male given name Cyril.
Kempker
Primm
Best Korea (Internet slang
sarcastic
) North Korea; the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
Fula A language spoken in West Africa.
Kersting
South Lakeland a local government district in Cumbria, England.
Privitera
Betz's law A law describing the maximum power that can be extracted from the wind. It states that no turbine, regardless of its design, can capture more than 16/27 (59.3%) of the kinetic energy in wind.
Furr
NIRA (US) Initialism of National Industrial Recovery Act
FUTA
Kilivila An Austronesian language spoken in the Trobriand Islands.
Dameli A Dardic language spoken by the people of the valley of Damil-Nasar of Pakistan.
Gabler
Kimbler
NLL (lacrosse) Initialism of National Lacrosse League, a lacrosse league in the US.
Gagliardo
Gallatin Any of a number of towns in English-speaking countries, including:
Kirkcaldy a town and former royal burgh in Fife council area, Scotland
Proserpina (Roman god) The goddess of springtime, queen of the underworld; the Roman equivalent of Persephone.
Klytia (Greek mythology) An Oceanid, who was known for her unrequited love for Helios.
Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian A proposed common ancestor to the group of Eastern Malayo-Polynesian languages.
Garamond (typography) A family of serif fonts derived from the work of Claude Garamont.
Urenda
Psalms (biblical) A book of the Old Testament of the Bible, and of the Tanakh.
Kootenai County one of 44 counties in Idaho, USA, with its county seat in Coeur d'Alene.
Uttara Kannada A district in south-western India, with administrative headquarters at Karwar.
Krzeminski
Black Russia (historical) A former principality in Eastern Europe.
Genesee epoch (geology) The closing subdivision of the Hamilton period in the American Devonian system; so called because the formations of this period crop out in Genesee, New York.
Sringeri A hill and town near Mysore in Karnataka, India.
Valle d'Aosta
Varone
Dekkan Alternative form of Deccan
Lafayette Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette (1757–1834), a French aristocrat who is considered a national hero in both France and the United States for his participation in the French and American revolutions.
Delilah The mistress of Samson who betrayed him to the Philistines.
Vedda The language of the Veddas.
Purmerend
Velarde
land of the free (poetic) The United States of America.
Steinbeck John Steinbeck (1902–2968), American writer.
Lao Tse Alternative spelling of Laozi
Vernet
Qing Ming Alternative form of Qingming
Vic. (Australia) Abbreviation of Victoria
Latgalian A language spoken by the ancient Latgalians, from which Latvian is largely derived.
Vietraq (US
slang
derogatory
) The Iraq War, implying similarity with the Vietnam War where an earlier cessation of conflict might have avoided needless casualties.
Bône (historical) A city in eastern Algeria, now known as Annaba.
Villano
Virgin Mary, the mother of Jesus.
Bootle a town in Sefton borough, Merseyside, England, formerly in Lancashire.
Deuel's halo sign (medicine
historical
) An X-ray finding of intrauterine death, where the usual zone of reduced density visible around the head of a relatively mature fetus before delivery appears separate from the cranium.
Borrego
GNC General Nutrition Corporation, an American retailer of health and nutrition related products.
Norma .
Quiroa
North Africa The northern part of the continent of Africa.
Nouri
Goofy A Disney character: a slow-witted anthropomorphic dog with a goofy laugh.
Dietz
Subcarboniferous (geology) The lowest division of the Carboniferous formations underlying the proper coal measures; a marine formation characterized in general by beds of limestone.
Bratanek (rare) of Slovak origin.
Gospic Alternative form of Gospić
Walsh Variant of Welsh and Welch.
NYC Abbreviation of lang=en
Rare Earth hypothesis The hypothesis that the evolution of life required an improbable combination of astrophysical and geological events and circumstances, and for this reason complex extraterrestrial life is a very improbable phenomenon and likely to be extremely rare.
Wasik
Lilliana , a less common spelling of Liliana.
Oconto County one of 72 counties in Wisconsin, USA, with its county seat in the city of Oconto.
Lindsey A former Anglo-Saxon kingdom, now a division of Lincolnshire, England.
Brownrigg An English surname.
Griffiths derived from the given name Griffith
Griswold
Buckland
Wenceslas .
West Drayton a suburban town in the London Borough of Hillingdon, England.
Buhler
Olene
Gunpowder Treason Day (UK
historical
) Synonym of Guy Fawkes Day.
Doering
Dollarhide
Hadhramaut A region at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula. Its people are called Hadhrami and speak a form of Arabic.
Reil
Wilcox County one of 67 counties in Alabama, USA, named after Joseph M. Wilcox. The county seat is in Camden.
Hagman
Suzi A diminutive of Susan and of related female given names.
Remus (Roman mythology) The legendary founder of Rome and the twin brother of Romulus.
Ordway a statutory town in Colorado, USA, and the county seat of Crowley County.
Acoli Alternative form of Acholi
Hamblin
Calvary The hill outside Jerusalem which is traditionally held to be the location of the crucifixion of Jesus.
Wolter
Aden Seaport and largest city of Yemen.
Machame a Bantu language spoken in parts of Tanzania
Sãotomense The Forro language.
Candy (historical) The Mediterranean island of Crete.
Tabron
Harred
Drost
Hash
Haute-Loire One of the départements of Auvergne, France (INSEE code 43)
WUXGA (computing) Widescreen ultra-extended graphics array: a display resolution of 1920 × 1200 pixels with a 16:10 aspect ratio.
Duenez
Haycraft
RHCP Initialism of Red Hot Chili Peppers, an American rock band
Xiamen A sub-provincial city in Fujian province of southeastern China.
Care
Heart of Dixie An unofficial nickname for the state of Alabama in the United States of America.
Çärjew Alternative form of Chardzhou
Yambao
Carter County one of 120 counties in Kentucky, USA, with its county seat in Grayson.
Dyson A surname of British origin.
Rieck
Agrigento A province of Sicily, Italy.
Casper , an occasional variant of Caspar.
Earthese A hypothetical language spoken throughout all of Earth.
Riske
Ecclus. Abbreviation of Ecclesiasticus
Yukon Territory Territory in northern Canada which has Whitehorse as its capital.
Rocklein
Cawood
Marcy
Celebes Sea The area of the western Pacific Ocean bounded by the Sulu Sea, the island of Borneo, the Sangihe Islands and Sulawesi.
Zipperer
Rosenblum
Černovír A former village, nowadays a quarter of the city of Olomouc.
Elcock
Royle
Alviso
Mawhinney
Ruhland
Ellerman
McAndrew
Elul (Judaism) The twelfth month of the civil year in the Jewish calendar, after Av and before Tishrei.
Hogeland
Emmet A city in Arkansas
Safed A city in northern Israel.
Thoreson
Pasley
Ancien Régime (historical) The aristocratic social and political system established in France under the Valois and Bourbon dynasties, overthrown by the French Revolution of 1789.
Salemi
Childers a town in Queensland, Australia.
Thurso A town in northern Caithness, Scotland
Mesa A city in Arizona
Sarwar
Timothy syndrome A rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by physical malformations and neurological and developmental defects.
Satkhira District One of the ten districts in the Khulna Division of Bangladesh
Episcopalianism The doctrines and practices of Episcopalians.
Huddersfield A town in West Yorkshire, England
Cipriano
Michaels
Schemacha Alternative form of Shamakhi
Perikhanian Alternative form of Perikhanyan
Schum
Eth. (legal) Abbreviation of Ethiopia
Clarence House A royal home in London, now the official residence of Prince Charles.
Scovel
Tovey
AOA Initialism of Administration on Aging
Peschel
Scrutton
Evanston a suburb of Gawler, South Australia.
Aponte
Sea Peoples (historical) A confederacy of seafaring raiders of unknown nationality, who invaded the eastern Mediterranean at the end of the Bronze Age.
Ibo Alternative form of Igbo
Seals
Philpin
Trapani A province of Sicily, Italy.
Mish
Argo (Greek mythology) The ship in which Jason and the Argonauts sailed on their quest for the Golden Fleece.
Armenian The language of Armenia and the Armenian people, whose older stages are Old Armenian and Middle Armenian.
Arnwine
Mizar (star) A binary star in the constellation Ursa Major; Zeta (ζ) Ursae Majoris.
Picazo
Tripgate (informal
US
sports
) A 2010 controversy involving an NFL game between the New York Jets and Miami Dolphins, in which the Jets' coach Sal Alosi tripped Dolphins gunner Nolan Carroll as he ran down the Jets sideline.
Pilate (biblical character) Pontius Pilate, the man who, according to the Bible, ordered the crucifixion of Jesus
Sers a town and commune in Tunisia
Pinkard
Trym a short river in South Gloucestershire and Bristol, England, which flows into the (Bristol) River Avon at Sea Mills.
Montecalvo
Atkin
Sharif
Shawnee The language of this tribe.
Planet Earth Earth; the third planet in the Solar System
Plaquemines Parish one of 64 parishes in Louisiana, USA, the equivalent of a county in other US states. The parish seat is in Pointe à la Hache.
Ferguson effect (US) The idea that increased scrutiny of police following the 2014 shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri has led to an increased crime rate (or sometimes murder rate) in major US cities.
Shillingstone a village in North Dorset, England.
Fidler
Ubykhia The former political unit of the Ubykh people, or the region they governed, centered on modern Sochi, Russia.
Filastin (rare) Palestine; a Palestinian transliteration of the Arabic term for Palestine.
Avis A particular car rental company
Intel Intel Corporation, a US-based multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits.
Cooper derived from cooper.
Müllerian mimicry (evolutionary theory) The resemblance of two or more poisonous species with each other, giving the effect that they are all more recognisable to potential predators. For example, the monarch butterfly and the viceroy butterfly.
Invisible Pink Unicorn (Internet
humorous
) A unicorn goddess who is simultaneously invisible and pink, used in arguments against faith in an unprovable deity.
Sidonia given name female
Corp
Fitz A village in Shropshire, England.
Flaming
Muneko
Baginski
Côte-d'Or One of the départements of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France (INSEE code 21)
İsmayıllı a town in Azerbaijan
Balaton A freshwater lake in Hungary, the largest lake in Central Europe, and one of the region's foremost tourist destinations.
Floréal (historical) The eighth month of the French Republican Calendar, from April 20 or 21 to May 19 or 20.
Italian Peninsula A large peninsula in Southern Europe protruding into the Mediterranean Sea and shaped like a boot. The mountain range of Apennines runs across it from north to south. Occupied almost entirely by Italy.
IUGS (geology) Initialism of International Union of Geological Sciences
Skiddaw A mountain in the Lake District, one of the tallest in England.
Cowan A town in New South Wales
Jang
Nagaland State in north-eastern India which has Kohima as its capital.
Jarai A Malayo-Polynesian language spoken by the Jarai people.
javascript Misspelling of JavaScript
Nancy A city in NE France.
Sledge
Forbush
SLORC Initialism of state: the junta which overthrew the democratically elected government of Burma (Myanmar) in 1988.
Nares Strait A strait between Ellesmere Island (Canada) and Greenland, connecting the Lincoln Sea in the Arctic Ocean with Baffin Bay.
Smithy A nickname of the surname Smith.
Joret line (linguistics) An isogloss used in the linguistics of the langues d'oïl. Dialects north of the line have preserved Vulgar Latin /k/ and /ɡ/ before /a/; dialects south of the line have palatalized /k/ and /ɡ/ before /a/.
Beaudin
Crusoe
Becker
Kalydôn Dated form of Calydon
Curnutte
Benton a city in Arkansas, USA, and the county seat of Saline County.
Keese
Previte
Primmer
South Lanarkshire one of the 32 council areas in Scotland formed in 1996, which includes part of the of the historic county of Lanarkshire. Its headquarters are in Hamilton.
Keweenawan (geology) The younger division of the Proterozoic eon as represented by rocks in the Great Lakes region of the United States
Khulna A prefecture-level city in Khulna District, western Bangladesh
Nirali .
Damelio
NLM (US) Initialism of national
Gaglio
Gallatin County one of 102 counties in Illinois, USA, with its county seat in Shawneetown.
Kirkcudbrightshire A historic county, registration county and lieutenancy area in the informal Galloway area of south-western Scotland.
BIMARU (India) Initialism of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, the states with the poorest populations in India.
Klamath-Modoc The language spoken by the Klamath and Modoc peoples of northern California and Oregon.
Proto-Eastern Polynesian A proposed common ancestor to the group of Eastern Polynesian languages.
Kniffin
Kolarian The language or language family spoken by the Kolarian people.
Bird's Head A large peninsula that makes up the northwest portion of the Province of West Papua, Indonesia.
Koots
Uttaradit A province of Thailand.
Kršan A municipality in Croatia.
Kumon method A mathematics and reading program through which students work at their own pace, intended to supplement school lessons.
Vaillancourt
Srinivasan
Vallecillo
Public Health Service A major division of the Department of Health and Human Services dedicated to promoting the public health of the United States.
Blanch , a less common spelling of Blanche.
Labour (UK) Short for the Labour Party (UK political party)
Pueblo A city in Colorado, USA, and the county seat of Pueblo County.
Stamand
Laizhou (geography) A city in Yantai Prefecture in Shandong, China.
Veddah Alternative form of Vedda
Lambdin
Purnell
Land of the Leal (poetic) Heaven.
Lao Tu Alternative spelling of Laozi
Giovani
Laquisha of African-American usage.
Bogue (usually with the definite article) An important strait in the Pearl River Delta between Guangzhou and the South China Sea.
Qing Ming Festival Alternative form of Qingming Festival
Bole Bole, Xinjiang, China
Lauver
Visual Basic A programming language developed by Microsoft, broadly descended from BASIC and Pascal, in which all programs have a graphical user interface.
Strasbourg A city in the région of Alsace, France; previously part of Germany.
Ledgerwood
Norma (constellation) An inconspicuous constellation of the southern sky, said to resemble a carpenter's square. It lies south of the constellations Scorpius and Centaurus.
Quiroga
Bow a suburb in east London, England
Lententide (Christianity) The season of Lent.
Boystown A gayborhood area of Chicago
Wace A Jersey-born writer of the 12th century.
Brackman
Sub-Carpathian Rus a historical region in Eastern Europe.
Nuckolls
Bratcher
Gospich Alternative spelling of Gospić
Walsh County one of 53 counties in North Dakota, USA, with its county seat in Grafton.
LG Lucky Goldstar, a South Korean multinational conglomerate corporation.
Ramaytush The spoken language of this people, an Ohlone dialect in the Utian family.
Dine
Wasilewski
Lilliane , a less common spelling of Lilian.
Wauja The Wauja language, an Arawakan language spoken in Mato Grosso, Brazil
Broken Hill a remote mining town in western New South Wales, Australia.
Lindsley
Bross
Greener
Lingle
Weigle
Summer of Love The summer of 1967, noted for its love-ins and the flourishing of the hippie movement.
Wenceslaus .
Buerkle
OITNB Initialism of Orange Is the New Black (television series)
West Dunbartonshire a local government district formed in 1996 on the abolition of Strathclyde Region. Its headquarters are in Dumbarton.
Old Harry (informal) The Devil.
Lixouri A town in the western part of the island of Kefalonia in western Greece.
Olenekian (geology
paleontology
) A subdivision of the Triassic period.
Guercio
Abbi A diminutive of the female given name Abigail.
Lod A city in Israel
Burien A city in Washington.
Burrage
Gutenberg Johannes Gutenberg, a German printer who developed European movable type.
White Pine County one of 16 counties in Nevada, USA, with its county seat in Ely.
Abraham (Judaism
Christianity
Islam
Baha'i
) A prophet in the Old Testament, Qur'an and Aqdas; a Semitic patriarch who preached monotheism, father of the Jewish patriarch Isaac and the Arab patriarch Ishmael.
Long Prairie a city in Minnesota, and the county seat of Todd County.
Absher
Reiland
Losh
Wilcoxen
Suzie A diminutive of Susan and of related female given names.
Willhite
Caburn Mount Caburn.
Opposite Day (childish) A contrived holiday on which everything is done backwards, for example "yes" means "no".
Winkleman
Ordzhonikidze (historical) former name of Vladikavkaz
Swindon A town in Wiltshire, England
Acoliland Alternative form of Acholiland
Hambly
Switzerland A sovereign country in south central Europe. Official name: Swiss Confederation.
ACRISS (car hire) Acronym of w:ACRISS
California Jack A card game similar to all fours.
Candy (historical) The Kingdom of Kandy on the island now known as Sri Lanka; (by extension) the British colony of Ceylon on that island.
Harrel
Ottawa-Hull The National Capital Region (NCR) of Canada;

Note: these words have been obtained from Wiktionary and have been classified and improved through automated computer linguistics processes.

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